As part of the 2010 Congress of the Humanities and Social Sciences, two teams of researchers led by Professor Barbara Layne of Concordia University, Montreal, and Professor Janis Jefferies at Goldsmiths, University of London, UK, have brought research in intelligent textiles to a new level.
The research teams have developed a highly sophisticated concept of interactive clothing whereby the body’s physical and emotional state triggers the transfer of personalized memory back to the wearer.
The project, titled Wearable Absence, uses a system of wearable devices never before seen in the expanding field of intelligent textiles. Combining uniquely engineered adaptors and soft cabling systems with fashionable clothing designs, the prototype garments incorporate wireless technologies and bio-sensing devices to activate a rich database of image and sound, creating a narrative, or string of messages, from an ‘absent’ person.
The concept of Wearable Absence evolved from the various memory projects by Miguel Andrés-Clavera and supervised by Janis Jefferies at the Digital Studios. The WAB project was fully conceived in Fall 2005 in Montreal by Miguel Andrés-Clavera and Barbara Layne.
Source: Wearable Absence
Wireless sensors and bio-sensing devices are embedded into garments that record the wearer’s temperature, heart rate, galvanic skin response (moisture) and rate of respiration. The data is sent via the Internet to a sophisticated database which in turns sends back messages to the clothing. The messages, which evoke memories of an absent person, may take the form of voice recordings or songs broadcast from speakers sewn into a hood or shoulder seams, or scrolling text on a LED array woven into fabric, or video and photographic imagery.
To give an example, a person might be experiencing a certain emotional state such as stress, grief or despair. The bio-sensors would prompt the person’s clothing to receive a range of messages such as photos, texts and sound recordings to provide comfort.
This unique combination of textile arts, emotional mapping and responsive technologies can enhance human experience, with enormous potential for the fields of health care and well-being.
The project, Wearable Absence involves dynamic wearable technology that incorporate wireless technologies and bio-sensing devices to activate a rich online database of image and sound streaming through the garments.
The invocation of visual and aural memory files (text, video, sound and still images) are triggered by a passive process in which the user does not conscously participate but through the use of unobtrusive body sensing devices (including heartbeat, temperature, respiration rate, galvanic skin response) that detect the physical state of the wearer.
For more information on the Wearable Absence project:
Barbara Layne, Studio subTela, Concordia University, Montreal, Québec
Janis Jefferies, Digital Studios, Goldsmiths College, University of London, U.K.
Video of LED garment: http://www.wearableabsence.com/#/folio/video
Contacts and sources: